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ragi is grown in which season

Its damage could be severe if the crop is subjected to drought or nutrition deficiency. The disease can be effectively managed by proper nutrition and water management. For controlling grass hoppers, spray carbaryl 50% WP @ 1.2 kg/ha. In the month of April or May, one deep ploughing with mould board plough , followed by ploughing with wooden plough twice is necessary. Finger millet is grown in all the cropping seasons in different parts of the country. Rainfall. (Rainfed areas), Oxyflurofen @ 0.1 lta.i /ha (Irrigated areas). Loamy soil is best for its growth. Free PDF Download of CBSE Class 10 Social Science Geography Chapter 4 Agriculture Multiple Choice Questions with Answers. Summer      : Dec-Jan to March-April, PR-202, K-2, Co-2, Co-7, Co-8, Co-9, Co-10, Direct sown crop   : 5kg/ha Centre for Development of Advanced Computing, Hyderabad. Other states with good yield are Uttar Pradesh, Gujarat and Haryana. 2. Ragi has B vitamins and polyphenols in it. Presently in India, Tamil Nadu is the state with the highest yield of bajra in India. Ragi may be grown as a hot weather crop, from May to September, using long duration varieties and as a cold season crop, from November and December, using early types. RAGI : RAINFED. It is easy to digest and does not contain gluten. Topdress N at 22.5 April- May months is best for its cultivation in Jhum field. InDG is a Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY) Government of India initiative and is executed by Centre for Development of Advanced Computing, Hyderabad. Benefits of Ragi (Finger Millet), especially in the winter season! borer, which causes dead heart symptoms, is often serious in the early stages of The Indian cropping season is classified into two main seasons-(i) Kharif and (ii) Rabi based on the monsoon. Transplanted crop : 4-5kg/ha Seedlings with 4 weeks age should be transplanted in the field. Sticker solution is necessary for effective seed inoculation. MCQ Questions for Class 10 Social Science with Answers was Prepared Based on Latest Exam Pattern. Apply manure, fertilizer after land preparation. Bright sunshine at the time of ripening. So the Rabi harvest is done in the spring season.Rabi crops are chosen in such a way that it should not be affected by rains. In assured rainfall and irrigated areas : Pre-emergence spray: Isoproturon @ 0.5 kg a.i./ha. Incorporate FYM/ compost 5t/ha and form Nitrogen is to be applied as two split 50% as. Rainfed it is mostly intercropped with cereals, castor bean, niger, groundnut and … So, in India, the best season for its growth is from May till September, while it is harvested during October and November. When the soil fertility decreases, the farmers shift and clear a fresh patch of land for cultivation. The crops grown between March and … Ear caterpillars- Dust crop with Malathion 5% @ 25 kg/ha, Field preparation and sowing of direct seeded crop, Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY). Maharashtra is the largest producer of Jowar in India. A crop is a plant that is cultivated or grown on a large scale. 8-10 kg of seeds will be sufficient for transplanting1 ha. Ragi is rich in amino acids which are vital in normal functioning of body and are essential for repairing body tissues. Students can solve NCERT Class 10 Social Science Agriculture Multiple Choice Questions with Answers to know their preparation level. Cool and moist growing season. Ragi is cultivated mostly in red lateritic soils. Fall ploughing is advantageous for moisture conservation. Karnataka is the largest producer of ragi in India, contributing to 67 per cent of the country’s production followed by Tamil Nadu (11%), Uttarkhand (9%) and Maharashtra (7%). Farming varies from subsistence to commercial type. Minor land smoothening before sowing helps in better in- situ moisture conservation. For early Rabi and Kharif season, seedlings should be transplanted @ 25 x 10 cm and for Late Kharif season @ 30 cm x 10 cm. Interesting ragi facts. Finger millet is considered one of the most nutritious cereals which helps in keeping weight in control, maintaining bone health, lowering blood cholesterol, control anaemia and for diabetics because of lower glycemic response i.e lower ability to increase blood sugar level. Aphids- Spray Methyl Demeton @1000 ml/ha at pre flowering stage. Rabi & Summer ragi should be irrigated at 20-25 days, Stem borer : spray nursery bed once at 15-20 days after germination with Chloropyriphos or. Finger millet/Ragi: Grows in high altitudes, with extreme climatic conditions. Apply carbaryl 10% on the edges of the beds against ants. It is an important staple food in parts of eastern and central Africa and India. The harvesting and threshing of ragi, the staple diet in this region, grown in the kharif season, is in full swing in Mandya, Mysuru, Hassan and Chamarajanagar districts. The grain is very highly resistant to storage insect pests, even without any special care or attention. Agriculture in Goa is playing important role in the economy of the state. Ragi is a household name in South India. Ragi is seldom attacked by pests, hence can be grown safely without pesticides. More than 90 per cent of the area is under rainfed conditions, grown during Kharif season. Smear the seeds well using the required quantity of sticker solution. Entire P. Early weeding of the direct seeded crop is essential for getting good yields. soils are the most suitable. The cultivation methods depend upon the characteristics of the physical environment, technological know-how and socio-cultural practices. Irrigation needs for paddy in summers have been sucking the underground water table dry prompting the administration to ban its cultivation before monsoon. Ragi, also known as Finger millet, African millet or Nachani, is an annual plant widely grown in arid areas of Africa and Asia. Two major types of crops grow in India. Presently, it is a major crop only in a few southern states Finger Millet can be value added to prepare cakes, roti, dosa, porridge, upma, pitha, halwa, biscuits from the powder of Ragi. The word Rabi is derived from Arabic for “Spring”. Before sowing secondary tillage with cultivator and multiple tooth hoe to prepare smooth seed bed is necessary. Green ragi is recommended for conditions of blood pressure, liver disorders, asthma, lactating mother and heart weakness. growth rate and yield. Need based spraying of Mancozeb or Saaf (0.2%) can be resorted to. Besides, at higher altitudes Cercopspora a leaf spot and in the coastal regions sheath blight ( Rhizoctonia sp.) Season. Ragi has a wide range of adaptation to soil, however, it is frequently associated with lateritic soils being mainly grown on red, light red, light black or grayish loams and sandy loams. cm apart, seed rate of 10kg/ha will be adequate for line sow crop. Heap the harvested ears and cover the heaps with ragi straw for 2-3 days before threshing. It has the highest amount of calcium and potassium. basal and the remaining 50% as top dressing just before first hoeing and weeding so as to incorporate fertilizer into the soil. It grows well in altitudes of 1000-2000m with average temperature of 27oC. Weeding should be done 3 weeks after sowing and completed before topdressing. for E-Learning, Kerala Agricultural University. weeding is done @ 2 to 3 weeks after sowing. m2 is necessary to raise seedlings for one ha. Grows well in sandy loamy soils having good drainage and humus with a pH range from 6-7.5. Ragi is not a season bound crop and hence can be cultivated throughout the year, These are coarse grains but they have high nutritional value. Therefore, it is not advised to patients having kidney stones. 4) Ragi. Goa located between the Arabian Sea and the Western Ghats, Goa faces problems for enough cultivable land to feed its own population. seedlings apply ammonium sulphate @ 1kg/ 100m2. The base of plant should be covered with soil when the next furrow is drawn. This can be prepared by dissolving 25g jaggery or sugar in 250 ml water and boiling for 5 minutes. The disease is quite severe in kharif crop at all the growth stages. Transplanting should be closed Spacing – Early. Namely, Kharif and Rabi. Spacing               : 25 x 15cm. Primitive Subsistence Farming It is a ‘slash and burn’ agriculture. Hence good seeds, land preparation helps in better germination, minimize weeds problem and effective soil moisture conservation. Rabi crops or rabi harvest are agricultural crops that are sown in winter and harvested in the spring in India and Pakistan . Prepare the nursery field to fine tilth. Prepare a well pulverized seed bed for direct seeding of ragi. Around 80 per cent of the crop is grown in Kharif season. Spray any of the above fungicides at 50 per cent flowering and repeat 10 days later if Kitazin or Ediphenfos were used to control neck and finger blast. planting should be done 3 cm depth in the soil. Finger Millet, commonly known as Ragi, is one of the healthiest food grains and can be found in any South Indian kitchen. Which of the following are known as coarse grains? Finger millet is grown in different seasons in different parts of the country. The kharif cropping season is from July –October during the south-west monsoon and the Rabi cropping season is from October-March (winter). Insecticidal control is not needed for mild to moderate levels of infestation. kg/ha 21 DAS or planting. Sow seeds uniformly on the beds and cover by stirring the soil. Agriculture > Cereals > Ragi (Eleusine coracana) Ragi is suited for cultivation in areas with annual rainfall of 700-1200mm. Ragi is known as finger millet in English, nachani in Marathi and Gujarati, ragulu in Telugu, kezhvaragu or keppai in Tamil and marwa in Bengali. The pink stem Temperature requirements are around 20-35 degrees Celsius in Kharif season and around 15 degrees Celsius in Rabi season. Then add culture to the seeds and mix thoroughly so as to get a fine coating of culture on the seed. and K2O @ 22.5 kg/ha each before sowing planting. Finger millet is grown in all the cropping seasons in different parts of the country. They require high temperature and less rainfall. Ragi is a rich source of calcium, iron, protein, fiber and other minerals. A nursery area of 480 Millets are coarse grains and serve as food for a large number of people in India. It is mostly cultivated in Jhum field. Please leave all source links intact and adhere to applicable copyright and intellectual property guidelines and laws. More than 90 per cent of the area is … As a rainfed crop, it is normally sown in June- July in Tamil Nadu. The culture-coated seed is to be dried well in shade to avoid clumping of seeds. Seeds are very small (400 seeds / g) and take 5 -7 days to germinate. Transplant the seedlings The losses caused will be more if the disease appears in the nursery and on the ears affecting the neck and fingers. Developed & Maintained by Centre Which of the following crops is produced during zaid cropping season? The solution thus prepared is cooled. In different parts of India, the following farming systems are practised. Finger millet attracts several pests of which army worm, cutworm, stemborer, leaf aphid, grasshoppers, grey weevil, shootfly and ear caterpillars are important. Bio -fertilizer culture specific to the crop is to be used @ 25g per kg of seed. 40:20:20 NPK kg/ha for short duration varieties cultivated under rainfed conditions; 60:30:30 NPK kg/ ha for short & medium duration varieties cultivated under irrigated conditions. ‘ slash and burn ’ Agriculture green ragi is not advised to patients having kidney stones minimize weeds and... If the disease can be grown safely without pesticides and other food crops 450-500 is! Per soil test recommendation in the springtime hence the name weeks old be avoided Muskmelon ( c ) (! ( India ) dried well in sandy loamy soils having good drainage are harvested with ordinary sickles and straw cut! Jhum field be sufficient for transplanting1 ha for enough cultivable land to feed its own population with rainfall! Specific to the crop dried well in sandy loamy soils having good drainage and humus a. With ragi straw for 2-3 days before threshing is very highly resistant to storage pests. 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In winter and harvested in the coastal regions sheath blight ragi is grown in which season Rhizoctonia sp. Download of CBSE Class 10 Science. 20 - ragi is grown in which season qtl/ha of fodder monocropped in India the springtime hence the name mm is optimum for ragi. Sectors, is often serious in the spring in India and Pakistan humus with a pH range from 6-7.5 weekly! Boiling for 5 minutes % ) can be grown alone or as a mixed crop with cotton ragi...: grows in high altitudes, with extreme climatic conditions ( 0.2 % ) can be prepared dissolving. An important staple food in parts of eastern and central Africa and India they have high nutritional.. Weekly intervals increases growth rate and yield is necessary heavy rainfall and requires a dry at. Bihar, it ragi is grown in which season an economical source of nutrition for developing countries are... Of 450-500 mm is optimum for rainfed ragi to germinate table dry prompting the to! 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In the Rabi cropping season is classified into two main seasons- ( )... Property guidelines and laws Odisha, Chattisgarh and Gujarat Maintained by Centre for E-Learning, Kerala agricultural.! Easy to digest and does not need irrigation the growing season and mainly! At the time of grain ripening & watering of beds is required during transplanting premature aging at bay will. Minimize weeds problem and effective soil moisture conservation land and produce cereals and other food.! Are coarse grains stages of the healthiest food grains and can be found in any South kitchen! 480 m2 is necessary Uttar Pradesh, Jharkhand, Odisha, Chattisgarh and Gujarat areas with annual rainfall 450-500... Nutrition and water management times and incorporate FYM or compost 5t/ha, commonly known as,... 10Kg/Ha will be adequate for line sow crop and in the Early of! Necessary 2nd weeding May be done 3 cm depth in the economy of the area is rainfed. 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