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Their nickname is the “sea beaver.” Sea otters use rocks to remove prey from their shells. Nearly all otter populations have been impacted to some extent by human activities. females in a group and males in another group. The late great Nyac, a survivor of the Exxon Valdez. In this manner, sea otters are keystone predators in the kelp forests where they live. To catch their food, which primarily lives on the seafloor near kelp forests, sea otters will close their nostrils and ears to dive down, grab … Sea otters once ranged from Mexico to Alaska and even to Japan. Sea otter moms typically nurse and care for their pups for about 6 months before weaning them. A 3-4 week clerkship for veterinary students wanting to augment their knowledge and experience in non-domestic animal medicine. They especially like to reside in waters with kelp beds. The tail comprises less than a third of the body length. Many sea otters live near rocky sea bottoms and Many sea otters live near rocky sea bottoms and shorelines, where marine communities are extremely diverse. The key features needed for a conducive sea otter habitat include shallow water with saline marshes. The sea otter keeps their fur very clean and can usually withstand all temperatures. sea-bottom substrates. In southern Chile the marine otter is found almost exclusively along exposed rocky seashores; farther north it may inhabit estuaries and fresh water. The sea otter has made many adaptations to survive better in its habitat. 9. Otters have been seen along the streams, and vernal pools provide habitat for many animals and plants. The Alaska otter has a greater tendency to haul out (come to shore) than the California otter. They stay in areas where the water is less than 130 feet They live in offshore forests of giant kelp (Macrocystis pyrifera), and spend most of their active time foraging below the canopy. Other places you will find them lingering include around rivers, streams, and lakes. Sea otters spend all of their time in the ocean, including sleeping. California sea otters are found off the coast of central California; between Half Moon Bay and Pt. Because of the activity in the sea will never ends because many people rely their life on it … They are thought to be more terrestrial in nature than other otter species. The only time the male and females are together  migrate , it is due to the abundance of Sea otters live in several regions of the Pacific: along the Commander and Kuril Islands off the coast of Russia, along the Aleutian Islands and Alaska Peninsula south of the Bering Sea, off the Alaskan Peninsula to Vancouver Island, and on the central California coast from Point Sur to Ano Nuevo. If sea otters The Alaskan sea otter population numbered more than 100,000 in the 1980s. The North American river otter, a member of the subfamily Lutrinae in the weasel family (Mustelidae), is equally versatile in the water and on land. At SeaWorld Parks & Entertainment, we extend our commitment to the environment beyond our company by supporting a variety of conservation groups and programs. coat of fur. Otters are usually found no more than a few hundred meters from water. covered beaches, small icebergs or What’s more, these coastal otters live their lives according to the tides, while river otters are usually most active at night. Hear animal sounds for animals like anteaters, dolphins, frogs and more. In a kelp forest, sea urchins can graze on the kelp and eat their holdfasts , resulting in deforesting the kelp from an area. of the North Pacific, from Japan, Territories differ from home ranges. Sea otters inhabit coastal areas and islands of the eastern and western North Pacific Ocean. Sea Otters Sea otters were once found from Mexico to Alaska, and even Japan. Sea 2014 “Sea otter restricted habitat use; further support for the sequential megafaunal collapse theory”, Environmental Studies Invited Speaker, Amherst College, Amherst, MA 2013 “Implications of an ice-free Kotzebue Sound on ringed seal ( Phoca hispida ) habitat selection”, Their teeth are strong enough to crunch open a clam shell or bite through a sea urchin's spines. Habitat & Population Status. Spot-necked otters are found throughout Africa in all countries south of the Sahara. when population density is high. Habitat In the Monterey Bay, the sea otter lives in kelp forest and estuary habitats. California’s southern sea otter has been listed as a threatened species under the Endangered Species Act since 1977. In October 2005, the U.S. Otters love to eat shelled animals, … They were hunted nearly to extinction, but conservation measures have allowed some populations to recover. They are capable of spending their entire life at sea, but sometimes rest on rocky shores. Alaska sea otters inhabit the coast of Alaska, including the Aleutian Islands, and south along British Columbia and Washington. Sea otters are commonly spotted on WWF’s Alaska tours. Coastal otters frequent intertidal zones in search of blennies, eels, rockling, crabs and other crustaceans, and are easy to spot when on the shore.  north to the In soft-bottom habitats, the sea otter  Asian small-clawed otters, smooth otters, and hairy-nosed otters all are found in Southeast Asia, to the Malay Peninsula. Cape clawless otters do not dig burrows. Most otters have widespread distributions, but relatively sparse populations. They are found on all continents except Australia and Antarctica. Sea Otters sporadically go onto shore to rest in the water. Asian small-clawed otters occur in fresh and brackish water habitats including rivers, creeks, estuaries, and coastal waters. Sea Otter. Current IUCN Conservation Status of Sea Otters|Conservation Evidence|NOAA UNEP World Conservation Monitoring Centre: Sea Otters|Check the Seafood Watch List for this species Two hundred years ago, a million sea otters may have ranged along the 9,650km of Pacific coastline from northern Japan, through the Aleutian Islands of Alaska, down the coast of California to Baja Mexico. Sea otters inhabit shallow coastal areas and prefer places with kelp. Sea Otters favor confined areas, such as bays and Fun Facts for Kids. Otters spend a large amount of time in the water, yet they still have fur. AN OTTER IS SOMETIMES ONLY AS GOOD AS HIS TOOLS. Can otters use tools? SeaWorld and Busch Gardens Conservation Fund. Spraint stations are areas designated by otters for routine, systematic defecation. There may be fewer than 1,000 marine otters left throughout their range. Conception. The range of the Russian or Asian sea otter extends from northern Hokkaido, Japan to the Commander Islands in the western North Pacific. That’s a sea otter, yo. also Adaptation). then it is a longer dive for them to catch their food. Marine otters live along the Pacific coast of South America, ranging from northern Peru to Tierra del Fuego. They also may live where mud and sand are the primary Most sea otters remain in habitats with rocky substrate, as their prey tend to be more plentiful in these areas. shorelines, where marine communities are extremely Sea Otters do not  migrate due to their Historically, sea otters occupied a contiguous range from northern Japan, across the North Pacific, and down to Baja California, Mexico. Go behind-the-scenes to see how our trainers care for and interact with these amazing animals, and get up close with some finned, flippered, or feathered friends. By. inlets. Under their arms, Sea otters have built in pockets. The sea otter can live its entire life without leaving the water. Cape clawless otters are found in widely varying habitats, from dense rainforest to open coastal plain and semi-arid zones. Sea otters prefer coastal habitats within a mile of the shoreline. Sea otters are found in two areas: The Pacific coasts of Russia and Alaska, and along the central California coast. They prefer waterways that have gently sloping banks and good cover. Straight line lengths for Eurasian otter home ranges in Sweden average about 15 km (9.3 mi.) An otter is one of the few species that use tools. Their diet is comprised mostly of invertebrates like clams, mussels, and sea urchins, squids, crabs, and snails. San Francisco Bay could make the perfect sea otter habitat inhabitat - Written by Bonface Landi. Sea Otters that live in rocky bottom habitats  interact with organisms such as lobsters, sea California otters often prefer kelp beds, probably because of the protection and food resources they provide. Males weigh 22-45 kg and are 1.2-1.5 m in length. Despite perils such as oil spills and high-speed ferries, the bay has plenty of safe spots for this charismatic threatened species. for males and about 7 km (4.3 mi.) for females. A male's range often overlaps that of one or more females. There is also a small experimental population that originated from relocated animals at San Miguel Island off the coast of Santa Barbara. North American river otters are found throughout the United States and Canada. Historically, southern sea otters were present in coastal marine habitats from northern California to Baja California in Mexico. Giant otters (genus Pteronura) are found mainly in slow-moving rivers and creeks within forests, swamps, and mars… Sea Otters Same-sex territories do not overlap, and they are patrolled and defended by their owners. Otter watching involves perseverance. A raft is usually comprised of single-sex sea otters that can range from 10 to a hundred individuals. out by waters near shore or kelp beds and where reproduces click. They are not at the top of the food web, however, and are eaten by orcas, great white sharks and other large predators. shellfish are plentiful. San Francisco Bay could make the perfect sea otter habitat. Cape clawless otters inhabit the southern two-thirds of the African continent. Browse our extensive collection of zoological career infobooks including animal training, animal rescue and rehabilitation and zoo careers. Professional and amateur athletes alike make the annual pilgrimage to Sea Otter to participate in some of the sport’s most competitive and enduring events. Most species are entirely dependent on aquatic habitats for food. A female sea otter and her pup on an iceberg in the Congo clawless otters inhabit equatorial Africa, from southeastern Nigeria to Gabon, down to Uganda and Burundi. It prohibits commercial harvest of sea otters, and allows Alaska natives to hunt sea otters for subsistence and creation of handicrafts. From fun and affordable field trips for students to amazing summer adventures, our camps combine education and entertainment in a way that connects people to the sea and sea life like nowhere else. Sea Otter Facts: Habitat: Northern and eastern North Pacific Ocean. congregate in groups of gender such as: the pups and Otter Habitat and Distribution Otters are found on every single continent in the world except for Australia and Antarctica. do not  live in deeper waters because Sea Otters Could Get New Home in San Francisco Bay. In North America, there are two distinct sea otter subspecies, the northern sea otter (E. l. kenyoni) and the southern sea otter (E. l. nereis). In some areas, a female Alaska sea otter's home range may include 8 to 16 km (5-10 mi.) Northern sea otters are found in the Aleutian Islands, South Central and Southeast Alaska, British Columbia, and Washington. It establishes a burrow close to the water's edge in river, lake, swamp, coastal shoreline, tidal flat, or estuary ecosystems. To learn how the sea otter coat of fur. The sea otter is an important part of both of these habitats — It’s a keystone species, which means that the health of sea otters is a good indication of the health of other species and ecosystems nearby. (See also When the water temperatures are too cold sea otters reduce heat loss by floating … California. Come face-to-face with the wonders of wildlife through species-focused episodes and related classroom activities. San Francisco Bay could become the new home to extinction-threatened sea otters, according to a recent report published in PeerJ. Otters mark their territories with scent. The people of SeaWorld Parks & Entertainment are truly and deeply driven to inspire on behalf of, to celebrate and connect with, and to care for the natural world we all share. Because the pelts of sea otters are thick, warm and beautiful, fur hunters killed hundreds of thousands of them—unti… Trade in the animal has no significant adverse effect on the wild population of the animal in any of its natural habitats. from shore. Southern river otters are found in Argentina and Chile. Taken with tigers? food in an area and kelp. River otters (genus Lutra) inhabit all types of inland waterways, as well as estuaries and marine coves. out by waters near shore or kelp beds and where Sea otters can spend their entire life in water. hang in groups called rafts; they usually hang (See also Reproduction). Sea otters live in shallow coastal waters in the northern Pacific. Sea Otters and the Endangered Species Act . The Marine Mammal Protection Act protects sea otters. shellfish are plentiful. Come with us on an unforgettable journey behind the scenes during a SeaWorld or Busch Gardens Camp. Territories are generally smaller than home ranges. Sea Otters The decline in more typical killer whale prey species has led some killer whales to switch to feeding on sea otters. Sea otters have been found to play a pivotal role in the habitat and marine life that inhabit a kelp forest. Giant otters are found throughout almost all of South America. The sea otter is an important part of both of these habitats — It’s a keystone species, which means that the health of sea otters is a good indication of the health of other species and ecosystems nearby. Habitat and Distribution. Many otter species undergo seasonal movements, but no extensive migrations. Crazy about roller coasters? Fish & Wildlife Service listed the southwest Alaska Distinct Population Segment (DPS) of the northern sea otter (Enhydra lutris kenyoni) as threatened under the Endangered Species Act (ESA).For access to all Federal Register notices regarding this listed species, visit our national web site. Sea otters (scientific name: Enhydra lutris) can be found in shallow water areas in the North Pacific Ocean. For one of the smallest marine mammals on Earth (yet the largest member of the weasel family), the sea otter has racked up quite a few superlatives: 10. Ninety percent of the world’s sea otters live in coastal Alaska. They use kelp beds to wrap themselves or tie It then slopes upward to a nest chamber above the high-water level. Giant otters (genus Pteronura) are found mainly in slow-moving rivers and creeks within forests, swamps, and marshes. Runways are well-defined land paths that link waterways and other facilities. So are we! Currently the southern sea otter population is estimated at just above 3,000 animals. Sea otters play a vital role in the health and stability of the nearshore marine ecosystem as a … and sometimes in the winter go on sandy, cobble, snow crabs, and snails. They enjoy the freshwater but they are also known to live in the saltwater of the oceans as well. Saltwater otters Two otter species are strictly marine: the sea otter (Enhydra lutris) of the Pacific Coast of North America and the much smaller marine otter (Lontra felina) from the coast of Peru and Chile. Despite perils such as oil spills and high-speed ferries, the bay has plenty of safe spots for this charismatic threatened species. deep, but travel through much deeper water. There is a much larger population in Alaska, and sea otters are still found in Russia. urchins, and abalone. Not all otters use tools, but sea otters use them all the time. Most otter species have at least one permanent burrow (den) by water. 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Aleutian Islands, South Central and Southeast Alaska, including the Aleutian Islands, and scientific classification favorite of urchin... Despite perils such as oil spills and high-speed ferries, the sea Facts. Spend a large amount of time on land, generally eat all their food park... Otter species undergo seasonal movements, but no extensive migrations to recover experimental that... Experience in non-domestic animal medicine free classroom activities, goals and objectives repeatedly hitting it a! Pacific, and sea otters, smooth otters, according to the abundance of food in the water, they... Lives in kelp forest and estuary habitats the few species that use tools but. Land, often traveling considerable distances between waterways otter has a greater tendency haul... They must sleep at the water, dolphins, frogs and more more terrestrial in nature than otter! Kelp growth, as their prey tend to be more terrestrial in nature than other otter species Distribution otters keystone. Its entire life at sea, but no extensive migrations or bite through a sea otter has listed... Hitting it with a rock more than a third of the body length Hokkaido, Japan to the Malay.. The protection and food sea otter habitat they provide than 1,000 marine otters live along Pacific! And measuring 1-1.4 m in length than 100,000 in the Aleutian Islands, South Central and Southeast Alaska, Columbia! Population that originated from relocated animals at San Miguel Island off the of... To prefer quiet ponds and sluggish streams Camp Counselor program at SeaWorld a male 's often! Otters live along the Pacific coast of Central California coast fun Facts with 1-page. Is due to the San Diego Zoo become the New home in San Francisco Bay could the...

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